People have been moving from place to place from time beyond all memory. Some are looking for new economic prospects and advantages. Others are fleeing armed conflict, poverty, hunger, persecution, terrorism, human rights abuses or violations. Depending on the circumstances and reasons, we call such people “migrants” or “refugees”. These two concepts are often confused, and sometimes used as synonyms. In fact, there are considerable differences between these categories, primarily legal. Who can be called a refugee? Refugees are people who are forced to leave their country and who can’t or don’t want to return because of an obvious threat to their life, health or freedom for a variety of reasons: political, social or economic.
The word democracy comes from the Greek words: “demos”, meaning people, and “kratos” meaning power. Therefore, democracy is often called the “power of the people”, or a way of governing a state where everything depends on the will of the people. In fact, there is no one correct model of democratic governance in the world. As a rule, democracy combines several methods of government. Therefore, the idea of democracy is sometimes easier to understand in terms of what it definitely is not. A regime controlled by just one person cannot be called democracy. This is rather autocracy or dictatorship. And it is not oligarchy, where a small segment of the population (the elite) rules the society.
Human rights are the unalienable rights of all people, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, national or social origin or any other aspect. Human rights include the right to life and freedom, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to labour and education, and many others. Everyone is entitled without any discrimination to all the rights and freedoms. Democracy directly affects the development and evolution of international law. After World War II, democratic values and principles became universal and were entrenched in international standards.
There is no simple and unambiguous answer to the question “What is international law?”. However, a general definition can be given: “international law is a system of principles and norms that governs relations between subjects of international law”. “A system of principles and norms” refers to basic rights and duties of modern states: non-use of force, non-intervention in domestic affairs, inviolability of borders, territorial integrity, equality of states and peoples, cooperation, fulfillment of obligations under international treaties, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and more.
Support to refugees is provided in three directions: Material assistance; Legal counselling; Legal assistance. Material assistance to refugees in Ukraine is first of all provided at the domestic level – this is enshrined in a special resolution. Therefore, if you need regular cash payments, refugees in Ukraine can benefit from center-based financial assistance. Assistance to refugees in Ukraine is also granted in the form of the basic essential. This aspect of assistance is provided by numerous volunteer aid centers where people who are concerned bring food, clothing, utensils, and other items that may be useful to the refugees.
Since the inception of IDS, its initial goals are: to promote the rule of law in society, to ensure equality of human rights and freedoms, to promote the creation of conditions for equal opportunities for citizens, to promote the development of friendly relations between nations and peoples on the basis of respect and the principle of equal rights, to contribute to the implementation of democratic standards in society, and much more. On this website you can find an overview of some of these global issues, as well as links to other resources where you can get more information.